Every citizen desires to live and work properly to get a prosperous life. A thriving life is the right of every citizen. Every right begins with an obligation, so every citizen is responsible for achieving a successful life.
In this regard, to earn a decent living, they thing that must do is work. The primary motivation for people looking for jobs and working in positions is to earn income through wages (money). The problem of wages and the necessities of life are two problems that cannot separate. The two are closely related and complex.
In the wage system, the wage recipient is a worker, while the wage provider is an entrepreneur or employer. The legal rules for paying wages are statutory or work agreements, including company regulations and collective labor agreements. Salaries can be based on a work agreement as long as the wage provisions in the work agreement do not conflict with the laws and regulations. Suppose it turns out that the wage provisions in the work agreement are contrary to the rules and regulations. In that case, the wages in the laws and regulations will apply.
Generally, the wages set by both parties in the employment relationship include work agreements, company regulations, and collective labor agreements. However, it is also possible that there are no provisions regarding wages in the contract and laws. In that case, the worker/labor is entitled to the usual salaries. At the same time, the work agreement is made on the work agreed upon. It implies that both parties have agreed that the entrepreneur will carry out the wage determination in good faith. If the entrepreneur violates good faith, the worker/laborer can demand fair wages, which should not be lower than the stipulations regulated by law.
Every worker/laborer, whether working in the company or outside the company, should be able to earn an income that can fulfill a decent living for humanity. It means that the wages received by workers/laborers from the results of their work should be able to meet the living needs of workers/laborers and their families. These needs include clothing, food, shelter, education, health, recreation, and even old-age insurance.
To realize an income that can fulfill a decent living for humanity through laws and regulations, the government adopts a wage policy system that protects workers/laborers. However, this will still regulate this provision in a further restriction in the Form of government regulation on wage protection. This government regulation regulates decent income, wage policies, decent living needs, and wage protection. It is in line with what is contained in the Manpower Act.
The regulation must contain provisions that generally regulate the issue of wages, namely from the function of wages that must ensure the survival of workers/laborers and their families. It can undoubtedly motivate the improvement of work performance and worker productivity. Protection arrangements are directed at the wage payment system based on work performance. The government establishes a wage policy that protects workers/laborers.
Below are some forms of worker/laborer wage protection policies that apply in Indonesia:
a. Minimum wage;
b. Overtime wages;
c. Wages are absent from work due to absence;
d. Wages do not come to work doing other activities outside of work;
e. Wages for exercising the right to rest time;
f. Form and method of payment of wages;
g. Things that can calculate with wages;
h. Proportionate wage structure and scale;
i. Wages for severance pay;
j. Wages for income tax protection.